Commonly Confused Words
Compared to vs.
Both of these phrases are used to look at two different items side by side, i.e., to compare them.
Compare to: To compare something to something else is to observe or point only to likenesses between them. In other words, you are likening one thing to another, or you are making a comment about their similarities. (拟人)
He compared their historic win to that of the 1992 Dream Team.
Compared with: To compare something with something else is to place the items side by side, noting differences and similarities between them.
They won the championship in a clean sweep, compared with last year’s game 7 loss.
Both words can be used to show contrast
whileis more closely associated with time and duration.
While I cooked, she set the table.
whereashas more to do with contrast.
This one is black, whereas that one is white.
analysis = noun; analyze = verb
In RNA-seq analysis, we analyzed the data with ….
Principal = adjective; Principle = noun
The principal author (主要作者) outlined the theories and principles that arose from the study.
Effect = noun; Affect = verb
The effect was strong; the drug affected all members of the experimental group.
Personnel = noun (人员；职员；人事部门); Personal = adjective
The company’s personnel do not like to discuss their personal problems.